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Author Topic: IPv6 tunnel with OpenVZ  (Read 20807 times)

broquea

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IPv6 tunnel with OpenVZ
« on: July 28, 2008, 05:10:51 PM »

If you control the HN (Host Node, the actual platform server that hosts all of the virtual servers) and can't get native IPv6 connectivity, you can still get it with a tunnel.

Configure the HN to have the tunnel terminate on it. Make sure that you've got the following in the file: /etc/sysctl.conf
Code: [Select]
net.ipv6.conf.all.forwarding = 1
Edit /etc/vz/vz.conf (or wherever your OpenVZ configuration file is) and enable IPv6:
Code: [Select]
## Enable IPv6
IPV6="yes"

Then you can add IPv6 addresses out of your routed allocation using either the vzctl command, or edit the VE's configuration file by hand.

So the steps are (and I'll use one of my testing tunnels' information)

1) create tunnel interface with commands on the HN:
Code: [Select]
ifconfig sit0 up
ifconfig sit0 inet6 tunnel ::66.220.18.42
ifconfig sit1 up
ifconfig sit1 inet6 add 2001:470:c:29::2/64
route -A inet6 add ::/0 dev sit1

2) add ipv6 packet forwarding (edit /etc/sysctl.conf for permanent setting):
Code: [Select]
echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv6/conf/all/forwarding
3) using vzctl, add an IPv6 address out of your routed allocation (lets just say the /64) to the running configuration of a VE:
Code: [Select]
vzctl set 1001 --ipadd 2001:470:d:29::2 --save
4) test connectivity from inside the VE:
Code: [Select]
[root@vps0010 ~]# vzctl enter 1001
root@testve:/# traceroute6 -n ipv6.google.com
traceroute to ipv6.google.com (2001:4860:0:2001::68), 30 hops max, 40 byte packets
 1  2001:470:c:29::2  0.091 ms  0.032 ms  0.019 ms
 2  2001:470:0:9d::1  10.832 ms  10.909 ms  10.986 ms
 3  2001:470:0:3a::2  42.412 ms  42.374 ms  42.418 ms
 4  2001:470:0:3b::2  77.478 ms  77.435 ms  77.520 ms
 5  2001:504:0:2:0:1:5169:1  78.224 ms !X  78.172 ms !X  78.382 ms !X

You'll see that the HN will appear as the first hop in the trace, since the /64 is routed behind it.
« Last Edit: August 29, 2008, 12:31:40 AM by broquea »
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myvps

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Re: IPv6 tunnel with OpenVZ
« Reply #1 on: August 02, 2008, 04:36:22 PM »

I wasn't able to test it yet, although seems great that we can finally have tunnelbroker and OpenVZ working together :)

Also, is there any way to assign to a VE a real IPv6 on our allocated /64, so we can reach the VE from the outside?
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broquea

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Re: IPv6 tunnel with OpenVZ
« Reply #2 on: August 02, 2008, 04:44:22 PM »

I wasn't able to test it yet, although seems great that we can finally have tunnelbroker and OpenVZ working together :)

Also, is there any way to assign to a VE a real IPv6 on our allocated /64, so we can reach the VE from the outside?

Not sure I understood what you meant by "real IPv6" address. I used an IP out of that routed allocation on the VE, not from the point-to-point allocation. Notice the subtle difference in the /48 range the address is from. "C" is for the point-to-point, and "D" is that statically routed /64. If you meant from non-tunnelled, native IPv6 connectivity, then a working example would be:

  • assigning ::2/64 to the HN's eth0
  • setting ipv6 forwarding with sysctl like in the previous example
  • assigning ::3 though the end of the /64 to all the VEs with the vzctl --ipadd command
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myvps

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Re: IPv6 tunnel with OpenVZ
« Reply #3 on: August 02, 2008, 06:57:32 PM »

I missed the point-to-point part  ;D

I've tried to setup a HN with it although i'm getting 'Network unreachable' errors:

[root@ovz3 ~]# traceroute6 ipv6.he.net
traceroute to ipv6.he.net (2001:470:0:64::2), 30 hops max, 40 byte packets
connect: Network is unreachable

Code: [Select]
[root@ovz3 ~]# route -n -A inet6
Kernel IPv6 routing table
Destination                                 Next Hop                                Flags Metric Ref    Use Iface
::/96                                       ::                                      U     256    0        0 sit0
2001:470:c:*::/64                          ::                                      U     256    3        0 sit1
2001:470:d:*::10/128                       ::                                      U     1024   0        0 venet0
fe80::/64                                   ::                                      U     256    0        0 eth0
fe80::/64                                   ::                                      U     256    0        0 eth1
fe80::/64                                   ::                                      U     256    0        0 sit1
fe80::/64                                   ::                                      U     256    0        0 venet0
::/0                                        ::                                      U     1      0        0 sit1
::1/128                                     ::                                      U     0      1        1 lo
::67.220.x.x/128                        ::                                      U     0      0        1 lo
::69.42.x.x/128                         ::                                      U     0      0        1 lo
::127.0.0.1/128                             ::                                      U     0      0        1 lo
2001:470:c:*::/128                         ::                                      U     0      0        1 lo
2001:470:c:*::2/128                        ::                                      U     0      0        1 lo
fe80::/128                                  ::                                      U     0      0        1 lo
fe80::/128                                  ::                                      U     0      0        1 lo
fe80::/128                                  ::                                      U     0      0        1 lo
fe80::1/128                                 ::                                      U     0      0        1 lo
fe80::43dc:c184/128                         ::                                      U     0      0        1 lo
fe80::452a:dcb7/128                         ::                                      U     0      0        1 lo
fe80::230:48ff:fe5c:7e32/128                ::                                      U     0      0        1 lo
fe80::230:48ff:fe5c:7e33/128                ::                                      U     0      0        1 lo
ff00::/8                                    ::                                      U     256    0        0 eth0
ff00::/8                                    ::                                      U     256    0        0 eth1
ff00::/8                                    ::                                      U     256    0        0 sit1
ff00::/8                                    ::                                      U     256    0        0 venet0

eth0      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 00:30:48:5C:7E:32
          inet addr:69.42.x.x  Bcast:69.42.x.x  Mask:255.255.255.192
          inet6 addr: fe80::230:48ff:fe5c:7e32/64 Scope:Link
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
          RX packets:112434 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:99 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
          RX bytes:139020780 (132.5 MiB)  TX bytes:6630 (6.4 KiB)
          Interrupt:193

eth1      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 00:30:48:5C:7E:33
          inet addr:67.220.x.x  Bcast:67.220.x.x  Mask:255.255.255.240
          inet6 addr: fe80::230:48ff:fe5c:7e33/64 Scope:Link
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
          RX packets:932 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:71328 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
          RX bytes:87412 (85.3 KiB)  TX bytes:8251762 (7.8 MiB)
          Interrupt:201

lo        Link encap:Local Loopback
          inet addr:127.0.0.1  Mask:255.0.0.0
          inet6 addr: ::1/128 Scope:Host
          UP LOOPBACK RUNNING  MTU:16436  Metric:1
          RX packets:20529 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:20529 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:0
          RX bytes:1992832 (1.9 MiB)  TX bytes:1992832 (1.9 MiB)

sit0      Link encap:IPv6-in-IPv4
          inet6 addr: ::69.42.x.x/96 Scope:Compat
          inet6 addr: ::67.220.x.x/96 Scope:Compat
          inet6 addr: ::127.0.0.1/96 Scope:Unknown
          UP RUNNING NOARP  MTU:1480  Metric:1
          RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:0
          RX bytes:0 (0.0 b)  TX bytes:0 (0.0 b)

sit1      Link encap:IPv6-in-IPv4
          inet6 addr: 2001:470:c:**::2/64 Scope:Global
          inet6 addr: fe80::452a:dcb7/64 Scope:Link
          inet6 addr: fe80::43dc:c184/64 Scope:Link
          UP POINTOPOINT RUNNING NOARP  MTU:1480  Metric:1
          RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:2 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:0
          RX bytes:0 (0.0 b)  TX bytes:248 (248.0 b)

venet0    Link encap:UNSPEC  HWaddr 00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00-00
          inet6 addr: fe80::1/128 Scope:Link
          UP BROADCAST POINTOPOINT RUNNING NOARP  MTU:1500  Metric:1
          RX packets:68605 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:103136 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:0
          RX bytes:5729240 (5.4 MiB)  TX bytes:136342690 (130.0 MiB)

[root@ovz3 ~]# cat /proc/sys/net/ipv6/conf/all/forwarding
1

Thank you in advance,
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broquea

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Re: IPv6 tunnel with OpenVZ
« Reply #4 on: August 02, 2008, 07:09:24 PM »

I see 2 unique tunnels under your account, which use IPv4 endpoints in the same range. I need to know which tunnel to diagnose the issue on :)

Can you ping our side of the tunnel? I'm unable to ping6 your side of either tunnel, although both of your ipv4 endpoints ping just fine.

Everything looks correct on the tunnel-server.
« Last Edit: August 02, 2008, 07:13:23 PM by broquea »
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broquea

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Re: IPv6 tunnel with OpenVZ
« Reply #5 on: August 02, 2008, 09:03:01 PM »

Ok, we seemed to get this working for you over AIM using the correct tunnel information, and the other option for default ipv6 route, 2000::/3

If you have any comments or want to post the steps you used, feel free :)
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myvps

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Re: IPv6 tunnel with OpenVZ
« Reply #6 on: August 06, 2008, 03:09:54 PM »

First of all, thank you broquea, for spending your time on weekend helping me ;D

Since i needed it to run on boot here are my configs
Automatically create the interface sit0
Code: ("/etc/sysconfig/network") [Select]
HOSTNAME=your_hostname
NETWORKING=yes
NETWORKING_IPV6=yes
IPV6_AUTOTUNNEL=yes

Create the interface sit1
Code: ("/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-sit1") [Select]
DEVICE=sit1
BOOTPROTO=none
ONBOOT=yes
IPV6INIT=yes
IPV6TUNNELIPV4= Server_IPv4_address
IPV6TUNNELIPV4LOCAL=Client_IPv4_address    # You'll need to specify your client IP if you've multiple NICs
IPV6ADDR=Client_IPv6_address

Create a static route
Code: ("/etc/sysconfig/static-routes-ipv6") [Select]
sit1    2000::/3        Server_IPv6_address


Restart network interfaces
Code: [Select]
/etc/init.d/network reboot

This setup was tested on Linux tunnel-he 2.6.18-92.1.1.el5.028stab057.2 #1 SMP Mon Jul 21 17:08:31 MSD 2008 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux
« Last Edit: August 06, 2008, 03:36:48 PM by myvps »
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broquea

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Re: IPv6 tunnel with OpenVZ
« Reply #7 on: September 11, 2008, 06:51:11 AM »

Ok, I've been handling a bunch of tickets opened by folks now trying to get OpenVZ or Virtuozzo set up. The common mistake being done is people trying to bring up the tunnel inside the virtualized server. You MUST set up the tunnel on the OS that runs the physical machine. Then you can assign IPv6 addresses to the virtualized servers from your routed allocations.

If you do not have access to the physical machine's OS, then ask your provider if they'd be willing to do it for you.
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